Astronomical Society Sarajevo,BiH
Astronomical Observatory Čolina Kapa, Trebević, Sarajevo, BiH
I Rudolf Bosnjak was one of people who BUILD OBSERVATORY FOR 10 YEARS...from 1968 to 1978 year.
The observatory is a
converted Austro-Hungarian fortress on Mount Trebevic, near the Olympic bobsled run.
The newer dome on the left was built by amateurs in the late 1970s....and here is list of few people who BUILD THIS from very beginning and from nothing, except walls of old Austro-Hungarian fortress and they are: Esad Tefderdarija, Mirza Jamaković, Muhamed Muminović, Milorad Stupar, Miloš Mihajlović, Rudolf Bošnjak, Branko Vuksanović, Zlatko Radić, Kranjc Davor, Jasminko Mulaomerović, Puhta Planinko, Slobodan Mandić...and many others I can not remeber all names now.
We start from this dome. This was the first astronomical observatory in Sarajevo.
If you do not mentioned
on this ABOVE LIST OF PEOPLE
send you name and articles and images you have to my mail address to be added on this page.
|Ovako je bilo NEKAD...||a ovako je SAD...|
This was in NEAR PAST....
Dome size 8 meters from Ash-Dome company which was destroyed in war.
Gotova kupola promjera 8 m firme Ash-Dome koja je uništena u ratu.
and this is NOW...
4,5 metarska kupola nakon ratnih razaranja. Dole se vidi deo teleskopa od 40 cm.
Od 1975-1982- godine trajala je druga faza izgradnje opservtorije. Tada je nabavljen teleskop reflektor promjera 62 cm engleske proizvodnje. Za njega je izgradjena potpuno nova četvorospratna zgrada sa kupolom promjera 8 metara. Svi radovi su bili obavljani vlastitim radom članova Astronomskog društva. Ovdje su imena prvih ljudi koji su ovo počeli 1969 godine, a to su Esad Tefderdarija, Mirza Jamaković, Muhamed Muminović, Stupar Milorad, Miloš Mihajlović, Rudolf Bošnjak, Branko Vuksanović, Kranjc Davor, Mišo Grubić, Jasminko Mulaomerović...i mnogi drugi čijih se imena sada ne mogu sjetiti.
Ako nisi na ovoj listi pošalji svoj mail na kontakt da budeš dodan.
Astronomska aktivnost na opservatoriji se obavljala
paralelno u više pravaca. Pored popularizacije astronomije radilo se i na ozbiljnijim
projektima. Tako je u periodu od 1972-1979. godine snimljen "Sarajevski atlas
neba". Radilo se o fotografskom atlasu koji je imao oko 800 plavih i 800
crvenih ploča (Kodak emulzije 103a-O i 103a-E). Na staklene ploče formata 9 x12 cm
snimljeno je cijelo nebo sjeverno od deklinacije -10 stepeni. Granična magnituda Atlasa
je bila oko 14,5.
|Pogled na stari dio sarajevske oservtorije koji je izgradjen na staroj austrougarskoj tvrdjavi. U kupolama su bili smješteni razni instrumenti medju kojima najpoznatiji Vaisala reflektor i dvostruki astrograf.|
Krajem sedamdesetih godina počeli su prvi radovi na fotoelektričnoj fotometriji. Nakon ekeperimentalne faze sa komercijalnim fotometrom na 30 cm-skom teleskopu, sredinom osamdesdetih je započela fotometrija na reflektoru promjera 62 cm. Radilo se u oblasti fotometrije Be zvijezda u zajedničkim programima sa opservatorijem Hvar u Hrvatskoj i Ondrejov u Cehoslovačkoj.
|Nakon kupovine novog teleskopa, astronomsko društvo iz Sarajeva, ušlo je u ambiciozan projekt gradnje tornja s kupolom.|
Neko gleda na teleskop, desno su Milorad i Branislav Stupar.
Mišo Grubić, Branko Vuksanović-Vuksa, Muhamed Muminović-Maho na terasi opservatorije.
Akademsko Astronomsko Društvo Sarajevo,
Astronomska Opservatorija Čolina Kapa, Trebević, Sarajevo
Stare slike nekih članova koje imam, ostale članove nemam, pošaljite svoje slike.
Moderna astronomija u Bosni i Hercegovini zapocinje
osnivanjem Akademskog astronomsko-astronautickog kluba (pred rat je noslio naziv
Univerzitetsko astronomsko drustvo). Drustvo je osnovano 1963. godine, a vec 1965. godine
izgradnjom kupole promjera 5 metara u Sarajevu pocinje astronomski rad. U pocetku se
koristio reflektor Newtonovog tipa promjera 15 cm. Narodna opservatorija Mejtas, kako se
zvala ova opservatorija, bila je mjesto na kome se formiralo jezgro ljudi koji su
izgradili Astronomsku opservatoriju na Trebevicu, planini kraj Sarajeva.
Prva faza izgradnje Astronomske opservatorije (Tada se zvala Colina kapa) bila je obavljena u periodu od 1969-1972. godine. Rwekonstruirana je austro-ugarska tvrdjava i na njoj podignute kupole promjera 3 i 4,5 metara. U manjoj kupoli bio je smjesten dvostruki astrograf, a u vecu 30 cm-ski reflektor "Vaisala".
U periodu od 1982-1984 vršeno je probno patrolno snimanje bolida kamerom fish-eye, riblje oko tipa Zeiss distagon Čehoslovačke proizvodnje. Iste kamere su korištene 1989 i 1990. godine na Višnjanskoj školi astronomije.
Univerzitetsko astronomsko društvo je bilo največi izdavač astronomske literature u tadašnjoj Jugoslaviji. Sa oko 30 izdanja (knjige, brošure, posteri, vrteće karte i sl.) vjerovatno ni do danas nije prevazidjeno.
KNJIGA ASTRONOMIJA 1972
Klikni na sliku za veću.
KNJIGA ASTRONOMIJA 1973
Od 1974-1976. godine izdavan je časopis "Astro amater" koji je predstavljao prekretnicu u praktičnoj astronomiji na ovim prostorima.
Klikni na sliku za veću.
POMRAČENJE SUNCA-Na slici vidljivi članovi kluba sa
lijeva na desno:
Maho- Muhamed Muminović, Rudi- Rudolf Bošnjak, Mišo, Vuksa-Branko Vuksanović...
Knjiga Astronomija, Muhamed Muminović, AAD Sarajevo 1977
Tajne Sunca, Milorad Stupar, AAD Sarajevo 1977
Zvijezde, pulsari, kolapsari, Ladis Vujnović, UAD Sarajevo 1978
Zvjezdani atlas, Muminivić, Stupar, Sarajevo 1979
Priručnik za astronome amatere, Muhamed
Muminović i grupa autora, UAD Sarajevo 1980
Praktična astronomija, Muhamed Muminović, UAD Sarajevo 1982
Komete, Muminivić, Astronomska opservatorija Sarajevo 1985
Atlas Mjeseca, Muminivić, Stupar, Vuksanović, Samostalno autorsko izdanje, Sarajevo 1985
U to vrijeme je u Sarajevu djelovao i Centar astronoma amatera Jugoslavije koji je okupljao vise od hiljadu članova. Treba spomenuti da je pored Sarajeva izvjesnih astronomskih aktivnosti bilo u Travniku, Derventi i Zvorniku.
Astronomska opservatorija na Trebeviću je u ljeto 1992. godine u jednom bestijalnom napadu srpsko-crnogorskih agresora i bosanskih četnika u potpunosti uništena.
Po prestanku rata otpočela je aktivnost na obnovi astronomije u Bosni i Hercegovini. Pri Meteorološkom zavodu BiH je krajem decembra 1995. godine osnovano Astronomsko odjeljenje kao jezgro buduće državne opservatorije.
Razgovor sa Muhamedom Muminovićem - Astronomski magazin
METEOBIH Federal Meteorological Institute ASTRONOMIJA
Rudolf Bosnjak at first Astronomical exhibition in Sarajevo between 1968 to 1971 year, at Djuro Djakovic Center (now is BKC)
The significance of the uninterrupted
educational activity of the University of Sarajevo
Science is more than a deciphering of nature. It is proof that humans can work together to build a better future. It is proof that those with minds can hold together
what those with guns would destroy.
by Zdravko Stipcevic, University of Mississippi
``To carry on as usual'' has been the persistent motto of the University of Sarajevo throughout the past three years of war in Bosnia-Herzegovina. It does not
imply that all normal activities -- before the war, the university had an average enrollment of 23,000 -- could continue unaffected. Instead, it reflects a deep
conviction that keeping the teaching process uninterrupted, in defiance of all the misery, deprivation, destruction, and danger that life in the besieged city entails, is a
matter of utmost importance for the survival of the multiethnic Bosnian society. And the motto has been strictly adhered to: the courses given, the exams held, the
faculty meetings conducted.
Sarajevo now bears little resemblance to a city that was once a model of physical beauty. During the worst periods of siege, hundreds of mortar shells would
daily pound the city, and intermittent sniper fire at the city's intersections took its deadly toll. The intention to create chaotic conditions has been part of the
psychological warfare implemented by the besieger against the city. It was carried out systematically, disrupting in sequence: television relays, telephone and postal
services, tramways, bus lines, electricity, water and gas, university buildings, public libraries, food convoys.
But the city's spirit was not broken. At the very beginnings of the war people used to spend days and nights in shelters and didn't dare go outside. Afterwards
they became used to danger. Elementary and secondary schools and the university continued teaching, and even though students and teachers make up a substantial
portion of the 10,000 civilians who fell as victims to snipers and shelling, the daily routine of attending classes persisted. This unbending resolve may in part be
attributed to the irrepressible human craving for normal-life activities, but more so to a firm belief that education and culture, with their devotion to excellence and high
ethical norms, comprise essential ingredients in maintaining and reinvigorating the multicultural value system, thus paving the way toward future peace and
``Why is somebody out there, behind a window in one of the high-rises on the other side of Miljacka river, or in the hills overcooking the city, and who is now
taking aim at me, trying to kill me although I have done no harm to anybody?'' It is a persistent question crossing the mind of those who run across the city's road
crossings. The international media would attribute the motive to the centuries-old tribal hatreds and interpret the situation as a civil war based on ethnic and religious
intolerance. But the people of Sarajevo provide an incontrovertible example that it is not so, that such an assessment is fabrication. In the beleaguered Sarajevo, one
does not feel intolerance; in fact, the constant shelling brought the people, regardless of their religious beliefs or ethnic backgrounds, more closely together.
The common misery enhanced the feeling of empathy and appreciation of culture. Despite countless obstacles some of the concerts, theater shows, and social events
that took place in the war-ravaged city rank among its highest cultural achievements.
There is one baffling aspect pertaining to the university. Quite a few members of the breakaway Bosnian Serb leadership, whose forces now keep Sarajevo in a
deadly stranglehold, are former faculty members of the University of Sarajevo, some of them holding prominent positions for many years. We all lived nicely
together, many entering into mixed marriages, totally unaware of any latent intolerance. What prompted these former colleagues to abandon the imperative of
``not doing to your neighbors what you would not like to have done onto you"? Pondering over that, one concedes that different social groups do see some specific
political events in a different light, for example a nation's desire for sovereignty as an act of secession, a declaration of independence as betrayal. Accordingly,
different political goals may be propounded, within democratically acceptable strategies. But to have chosen, instead, to implant an ideology of hatred and wage a
war that has caused catastrophic suffering of the innocent, with hundreds of thousands killed and millions displaced, this is beyond comprehension.
The war in Bosnia is essentially a war against civilians, against an urban population and its culture. The present level of interethnic intolerance, practiced as
``ethnic cleansing,'' is the result of indoctrination, of conscious manipulation aimed for transient use. Nationalistic ideology, which by exciting the unconscious
archetypal symbols and by invoking historical myths introduced the ethnical ``exclusion principle,'' subsequently resulted in expulsions, detentions, and over
The future of Bosnian society crucially depends on its ability to dispel the indoctrinated misconceptions that life together, among ethnically different people, is
impossible. Education is the key to the success of this mission and the university, as the highest institution of learning and the vehicle of international scientific
cooperation, has a special role in this. If, by consistent adherence to multicultural values, combined with efforts toward reestablishing the international funding for
scientific research and organizing international scientific conferences in Sarajevo, the university succeeds in getting across the message that human beings can and
should cooperatively coexist, then prospects for a better future, in spite of the tragic amount of endured suffering, may not be hopelessly bleak.
ZDRAVKO STIPCEVIC is a professor in the Department of Physics at the University of Sarajevo. His research is in theoretical high-energy physics. He was
the director of the Institute of Physics in Sarajevo and made numerous appearances on television and radio to promote physics education. Stipcevic spent the first two
years of the war in the besieged city and is currently at the University of Mississippi. With a group of American physicists, he is organizing an international
physics conference to be held in Sarajevo.
An open letter to the astronomical community, from the director of the Astronomical Observatory of Sarajevo
To Whom It May Concern:
As is well known, the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina is for several years the victim of brutal aggression. The purpose of this letter is to inform you about the
situation in astronomy and the Astronomical Observatory in Sarajevo before the aggression and at the present time.
Astronomy in Bosnia and Herzegovina has a long tradition originating mainly in the need of different religions to measure the time. It was customary to use the
various instruments such as astrolabe quadrants, almucantar quadrants, and sinical quadrants. Later, the large number of clock towers that appeared were used as the
first places for astronomical observations. There are the numerous manuscripts on bright comets, meteors, eclipses, and so forth. Modern astronomy began in the
early '60s when the first Astronomical Society in Bosnia and Herzegovina was founded. A group of enthusiasts from the society built the first and the only
observatory in the republic in the period 1968 to 1982. The observatory is placed on the mountain of Trebevic in the close neighborhood of Sarajevo. Before the
Serbian aggression on the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the observatory in Sarajevo had the following equipment:
1.Two buildings with an approximate area of 1,000 square meters.
2.Three domes of diameters 3, 5 and 8 meters.
3.Telescope reflector of Cassegrain type with diameter 62 centimeters.
4.Telescope reflector of Cassegrain type with diameter 40 centimeters.
5.Twin astrograph with wide-field cameras and Cassegrain telescope with diameter 21.5 centimeters.
6.Two photoelectric photometers with UBV and Stromgren filters.
7.Several smaller refractors and reflectors.
9.Photo laboratory with complete equipment.
10.Library with about 2,500 books and more than 10,000 journals.
11.Palomar Observatory sky survey.
During the first attacks on the city of
Sarajevo, the observatory was completely destroyed. All instruments and most of the books
and accessories have been
destroyed including the glass library with more than 9x12 centimeter glass plates containing the complete records of the sky north of declination -10 in the period
1972 to 1978.
During the last 20 years our observatory, as the only institution of this kind in Bosnia and Herzegovina, promoted both amateur and professional activities in the
field of astronomy. Many generations of students, mainly youngsters, passed our courses, summer schools, and other forms of education. In the last 10 years we
worked in the field of photoelectric photometry of Be and shell stars. The observations have been carried out in collaboration with the Hvar Observatory in
Croatia and Ondrejov Observatory in the Czech Republic. Using two cameras with fisheye objectives, the registration of fireballs has been performed, as a part of the
project of forming the broader net in the former Yugoslavia. In collaboration with University of Sarajevo the training of the students of geodesy, physics and others
The Astronomical Observatory in Sarajevo was the largest publisher of astronomical literature in the former Yugoslavia, with more 30 titles in last two
decades. One of the authors from Sarajevo (myself) is the most productive author in the history of astronomy in the former Yugoslavia.
In spite of the fact that the observatory has been destroyed and the life in Sarajevo is extremely difficult, we have the strong intention to renew the
astronomical activities here. The lunar-phases calendar for 1993 has been released and one of us has written two astronomical books, which are waiting the release
and the money to be published. With the help of our colleagues in Zagreb, we obtained some offers for getting our new telescope. We truly hope to get a
computerized telescope with diameter of 60 centimeters whose price is about $350,000. To achieve this goal some aid from the astronomical institutions,
International Astronomical Union, and all interested persons is necessary. It should be noted that the only two professional astronomers are still in Sarajevo as well as
majority of the amateurs who helped our activities.
In our opinion the above mentioned aid could be performed in the following way:
1.This letter should be circulated to as many interested persons and institutions as possible. So, we kindly ask anyone who get this letter to circulate it to all subjects that find appropriate. Unfortunately we can send only very limited number of copies.
2.It would be necessary to help the existing astronomers here to survive (please see the end of this letter).
3.It would be necessary to start collecting the books and the journals that can be donated to our observatory. Please, send this kind of information to our contact address given at the end of this letter.
4.It would be necessary to start collecting the donations for renewing the observatory as well as getting new telescope. We ask for advice in this regard especially from IAU or from some other institution of that level.
All ideas, advice, and any kind of help
are welcome. We truly count on the humanity and solidarity of the astronomers of the
Thank you in advance.
Muhamed Muminovic, Director, Astronomical Observatory, Sarajevo
Astronomy in Bosnia by George Musser,
Astronomical Society of the Pacific
As in many countries, modern astronomy in Bosnia started with a single individual. Around the turn of the century, a high-school student in Pale, near Sarajevo, built himself a small telescope. The student, Branimir Truhelka, went on to study physics in Vienna and astronomy at the Pulkovo Observatory near St. Petersburg in Russia, once considered the astronomical capital of the world. On his return to Bosnia, Truhelka taught at a high school in Tuzla, where he continued his research on light dispersion and lobbied the Bosnian government for a small observatory in Tuzla. He died in 1945, never realizing his plans for an observatory in Sarajevo.
That cause was taken up again in the 1960s by Bosnian amateur astronomers, mostly university and high-school students. They founded the Astronomical Society of the University of Sarajevo in 1963 and built the People's Observatory, with a 17-centimeter (7-inch) reflector, in 1965. By 1973, amateurs had converted an old Austro-Hungarian fortress into the largest amateur observatory in Yugoslavia,
Colina Kapa. The observatory was located at an altitude of 1010 meters (3310 feet) on Mount Trebevic, 12 kilometers (7 miles) southeast of downtown. Its twin domes housed the double astrograph that made the first Yugoslav photographic atlas in the mid-1970s.
Like many amateurs elsewhere, the Sarajevans advanced to the point that the term ``amateur'' no longer applied to them. The 65-centimeter (24-inch) Newtonian-Cassegrain reflector and photoelectric photometer they installed in the early 1980s were professional-level equipment. The observatory hosted the fourth conference of Yugoslav astronomers in October 1979. The Sarajevans participated in the epsilon Aurigae monitoring campaign and collaborated with Czech and Croatian professionals during the 1980s. In 1990, the observatory had
a staff of five continuing to work on photometry.
Astronomy in Yugoslavia boomed in popularity during the late 1970s and early 1980s. New amateur clubs sprang up; secondary schools and the university taught astronomy courses; people from all over the country joined the Sarajevo-based astronomical society. Sarajevan amateurs assembled a library, organized seminars, and spoke to school groups. The society published 30 books, making it the most prolific publisher of astronomical literature in the country. Most Yugoslav astronomy magazines tended to be either too technical or too populist, but the
Sarajevan journal, Astro Amateur, tried to strike a balance.
In 1992, the Astronomical Observatory of Sarajevo was used by Bosnian Serb tanks for target practice, and demolished.
This article was assembled from reports by Bratislav Curcic, Ales Dolzan, Jasminko Mulaomerovic, Muhamed Muminovic, and Vladis Vujnovic.
Original article was here http://www.astrosociety.org/pubs/mercury/9502/bosnia.html
now - Bosanska Astronomija sada
And below is image HOW IS NOW... a ispod je slika KA KO JE SADA...
The Astronomical Observatory of Sarajevo. The observatory is a converted Austro-Hungarian fortress on Mount Trebevic, near the Olympic bobsled run. The newer dome on the left was built by amateurs in the late 1970s.
OPET SMO SE RODILI 11.01. 2008. godine.
kao Astronomsko društvo Orion
Bosna i Hercegovina je zemlja bez ijednog ozbiljnog astronomskog instrumenta
Astronomskog društva Orion iz Sarajeva, Bosna i Hercegvina je jedina zemlja u Evropi bez opservatorija i bez ijednog ozbiljnijeg astronomskog instrumenta.
"Bosna i Hercegovin nema opservatoriju, a imali smo jako dobru, jednu od najboljih u regiji", kaže Muhamed Muminović, predsjednik Astronomsko društva Orion iz Sarajeva.
Astronomsko društvo Orion Sarajevo (AD Orion) je nastavljač i pravni sljedbenik nekadašnjeg Univerzitetskog astronomskog društva Sarajevo (UAD) koje je neprekidno djelovalo od 1963 do 1992 godine. Rad Društva obnovljen je 11.01. 2008. godine.
Među najvažnije aktivnosti ovog društva spadaju one iz domena opularizacije astronomije. Društvo ulaže posebne napore kako bi se obnovila opservatorija na Trebeviću.
"Naša glavna aktivnost se odnosi na obnovu opservatorije na Trebeviću, završili smo pravni dio posla, ali glavni problem nam je novac. Za potpunu obnovu opservatorije potrebno je oko milion KM, kaže Muminović.
Društvo okuplja mlade entuzijaste koji se zanimaju za astronomiju i kroz svoj rad žele približi ovu nauku običnom narodu.
Predsjednik društva kaže da se iz dana u dan oko ove ideje okuplja
sve veći broj ljudi, i da sadašnje prostorije su već male.
"u sklopu društva djeluje jedina astronomska čitaonica u BiH, a svake srijede imamo projekcije astronomskih filmova,. Subotom su predavanja, a ako je vedro nebo izlazimo sa teleskopima da posmatramo zvijezde", kaže predsjednik Astronomskog društva Orion.
Prostorije Astronomskog društva nalaze se u ulici Maršala Tita 12 u Sarajevu,
a o njihovom radu možete naći više informacija na web sajtu www.adorion.ba.
Links about astronomy in former Yugoslavia
TREBEVIC Astronomical Observatory
Article by Zdravko Stipcevic, University of Mississippi about Astronomical Observatory Sarajevo.
Astronomical society in Croatia
Sun Observatory Island of Hvar http://www.geof.hr/oh
Link about AOS work http://www.astro.hr/vsa96/proslvsae.htm
Astronomical Society "Rudjer Bošković" Belgrade http://www.adrb.org
Publications of the Astronomical Observatory of Sarajevo www.matf.bg.ac.yu/katedre/astronomija/biblio/bib04.ps
SARAJEVSKO-STAMBOLSKE NAUČNE VEZE U OSMANSKO DOBA http://www.iis.unsa.ba/posebna/sarajevo/enes_kujundzic.htm
Amateur Astronomy Clubs and Organizations http://www.aspsky.org/links/clubs.html
Astronomical Societies http://msowww.anu.edu.au/astronomy/astroweb/astro_society.html http://www.astrosociety.org
Physical Societies and Organizations Worldwide http://ins.uni-oldenburg.de/PhysNet/societies.html
Directory of Astronomy Librarians and Libraries http://www.eso.org/gen-fac/libraries/astro-addresses.html
Sve o nekadašnjem radu jedine Astronomske Opservatorije u Bosni i Hercegovini USKORO.
ASTRONOMSKA OPSERVATORIJA NA PLANINI KOREK, KURDISTAN , IRAQ
(C) December 2001, Sarajevo, BA, All rights reserved Rudolf Bošnjak.
Last udate February 21, 2016 year